Carnival | Jose Gutierrez Solana (1886-1947)

Jose Gutierrez Solana, Máscaras                             Jose Gutierrez Solana, The Carnival, 1928
Jose Gutierrez Solana, A Mask, 1925                              Jose Gutierrez Solana, Masks with Donkey, 1936   
Jose Gutierrez Solana, Two Masks                                   Jose Gutierrez Solana, Masks Drinking, 1920
                      Jose Gutierrez Solana, Masks, 1938                                Jose Gutierrez Solana, Murga Cadiz, 1935  
Jose Gutierrez Solana, Masks of Cowbells                                  Jose Gutierrez Solana, Masks Cooks


José Gutiérrez Solana, (born 1886, Madrid, Spain—died June 26, 1947, Madrid), painter and writer who was a key figure in the Spanish cultural revival of the early 20th century.

Gutiérrez Solana attended art school in Madrid from 1900 to 1904. As a young man, he spent his days in the slums and suburbs of Madrid and in the Cantabrian harbours, studying the most wretched aspects of Spanish life. These journeys were the basis for his gloomy and corrosive literary works, Scenes and Customs of Madrid, 2 vol. (1912, 1918), and for his intense and dramatic paintings.

Influenced by the Spanish masters, especially Francisco de Goya, Gutiérrez Solana painted a tragic view of urban life, scenes of grief and horror rendered in sombre earth tones and blood reds. He applied thick layers of paint, charging his subjects—which often included bulls, urban landscapes, taverns, and prostitutes—with a garish energy. He first exhibited his work in 1907 and won medals for his paintings in 1922, 1929, and 1942. A man respected within his country, Gutiérrez Solana led an isolated life in Madrid, despite his honours.

Jose Gutierrez Solana, Carnival in a Village

Maynard Owen Williams / Paris




Maynard Owen Williams (1888-1963) was a National Geographic correspondent from 1919. He was an inveterate traveller who began travelling in his teens, explored Asia and witnessed the Russian Revolution, among other adventures.

In his own words a "camera-coolie and a roughneck", Williams was the Geographic's first foreign correspondent, and his reports include a description of the opening of the tomb of Tutankhamen in 1923. Maynard Williams was also an excellent photographer, and pioneered travel photography.


Maynard Owen Williams: Self-Portrait
Maynard Owen Williams, Paris, 1936
  Maynard Owen Williams, Paris, 1936                                               Maynard Owen Williams, Paris - Quartier Latin, 1930s 
Maynard Owen Williams, Paris, 1946                                      Maynard Owen Williams, Paris, 1936
Maynard Owen Williams, École des Beaux-Arts, Paris, 1936
Maynard Owen Williams, Reading the news

Also:

Stendhal syndrome | M. de Stendhal / Florence, 1817

Piazza Santa Croce, Florence


Stendhal's syndrome, hyperkulturemia, or Florence syndrome is a psychosomatic disorder that causes rapid heartbeat, dizziness, fainting, confusion and even hallucinations when an individual is exposed to art, usually when the art is particularly beautiful or a large amount of art is in a single place. The term can also be used to describe a similar reaction to a surfeit of choice in other circumstances, e.g. when confronted with immense beauty in the natural world.


The illness is named after the famous 19th-century French author Stendhal, who described his experience with the phenomenon during his 1817 visit to Florence in his book Naples and Florence: A Journey from Milan to Reggio.

When he visited the Basilica of Santa Croce, where Niccolò Machiavelli, Michelangelo and Galileo Galilei are buried, he saw Giotto's frescoes for the first time and was overcome with emotion.


"I was in a sort of ecstasy, from the idea of being in Florence, close to the great men whose tombs I had seen. Absorbed in the contemplation of sublime beauty... I reached the point where one encounters celestial sensations... Everything spoke so vividly to my soul. Ah, if I could only forget..."

"As I emerged from the porch of Santa Croce, I was seized with a fierce palpitation of the heart (that same symptom which, in Berlin, is referred to as an attack of the nerves); the well-spring of life was dried up within me, and I walked in constant fear of falling to the ground."


Stendhal / 1783 -1842, Naples and Florence: A Journey from Milan to Reggio




Also: 


Letter to Georgina Watson | Lewis Caroll, October 5, 1869




My dear Ina,

Though I don’t give birthday presents, still I may write a birthday letter. I came to your door to wish you many happy returns of the day, but the cat met me, and took me for a mouse, and hunted me up and down till I could hardly stand. However somehow I got into the house, and there a mouse met me, and took me for a cat, and pelted me with fire-irons, crockery, and bottles. Of course I ran into the street again, and a horse met me and took me for a cart, and dragged me all the way to the Guildhall, but the worst of all was when a cart met me and took me for a horse. I was harnessed to it, and had to draw it miles and miles, all the way to Merrow. So you see I couldn’t get to the room where you were.

However I was glad to hear you were hard at work learning the multiplication tables for a birthday treat.

I had just time to look in to the kitchen, and saw your birthday feast getting ready, a nice dish of crusts, bones, pills, cotton-bobbins, and rhubarb and magnesia. “Now,” I thought, “she will be happy!” and with a smile I went on my way.


Your affectionate friend,
C. L. D.

Lewis Caroll

Flick Review < Bunny Lake Is Missing | Otto Preminger (1965) / The Zombies





Bunny Lake Is Missing (1965)
Director: Otto Preminger
Stars: Keir Dullea, Carol Lynley, Laurence Olivier

The story is based on the mystery novel by Marryam Modell using the pseudonym Evelyn Piper (who also wrote the novel, The Nanny 1965 brilliantly adapted to the screen starring Bette Davis as a very sympathetic yet disturbed nanny)

Adapting the original novel, Preminger re-set the story from New York to London, where he liked working. His dark, sinister vision of London made use of many real locations; Barry Elder's Doll Museum in Hammersmith stood in for the dolls' hospital, the Little People's Garden School used a real school in Hampstead, and the 'Frogmore End' house was one that had belonged to novelist Daphne du Maurier's father.

The incredibly striking, simplistic and evocative score was composed by Paul Glass (Lady in a Cage 1964) and used not only in the opening titles designed effectively by the great Saul Bass but the theme is used frequently as a childlike refrain, poignant and moving.

The British group The Zombies also appear in a television broadcast, featuring three of their songs, “Remember You”, “Just Out of Reach” and “Nothing’s Changed.”
The band is prominently featured performing on a television in the pub where Supt. Newhouse meets with Ann, and "Just Out of Reach" plays on a janitor's radio as Ann escapes from the hospital. In addition, and with Preminger present in the studio, the band recorded a two-minute radio ad set to the tune of "Just Out of Reach" that promoted the film's release and urged audiences to "Come on time!" in keeping with the film's no-late-admissions policy. These efforts represent an early instance of the now-common Hollywood practice of promotional tie-ins with popular musical acts



What are your memories of recording, and performing in the movie? 

Chris White (the Zombies): Weird. Otto Preminger was a hard director. They hired the Top Of The Pops TV studio to film us in (with all the usual TV crew in as well) and we spent several days filming. When we saw the film at the Premier we just appeared on a TV screen in a pub behind a scene involving Laurence Olivier and Keir Dullea. For that we got equal billing with the main stars!

Then Otto wanted us to do a promotional film which involved someone adapting the lyrics to Colin’s song which turned from ‘Just Out Of Reach’ to ‘Come On Time’. The gimmick was that nobody was supposed to come in to the Cinema after the film started! (...)

“This doll had almost been loved to death. You know, love inflicts the most terrible injuries on my small patients.”

Otto Preminger at the Zombies’s recording session during the making of Bunny Lake is Missing
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