Germaine Dulac: La coquille et le clergyman / The Seashell and the Clergyman (1926)

The first Surrealist film was The Seashell and the Clergyman from 1926, directed by Germaine Dulac from a screenplay by Antonin Artaud.
Stars: Alex Allin, Genica Athanasiou, Lucien Bataille
* At the film's premier, writer Antonin Artaud, who was obviously not pleased by what director Germaine Dulac did to his screenplay, shouted at the screen, calling her a cow.
Ο Αρτό την κατηγόρησε πως κατέστρεψε το σενάριο του και την ημέρα της πρεμιέρας στο σινεμά των Ουρσουλίνων, οι σουρεαλιστές έκραξαν το φιλμ με «ευγενική» φρασεολογία του είδους:

«Ποιος έφτιαξε αυτή την ταινία;»
«Μα η κυρία Ντιλάκ».
«Ποιά είναι η κυρία Ντιλάκ;»
«Μια αγελάδα».


Η Ντιλάκ, που προσπάθησε να απέχει απ' αυτές τις διενέξεις, είναι αλήθεια, κράτησε περισσότερο τον ονειρικό χαρακτήρα του σεναρίου και καταπίεσε τον ερωτισμό και τη σκληρότητα που σημαδεύουν το θέατρο και το σενάριο του Αρτό.






Πώς έβλεπε όμως την ταινία ο Αρτό;

«Αυτό το σενάριο δεν είναι αναπαραγωγή ενός ονείρου και δεν πρέπει να θεωρηθεί τέτοιο. Δεν θα δικαιολογούσα τη φαινομενική έλλειψη λογικής πλοκής με τη εύκολη υπεκφυγή των ονείρων. Αυτό το σενάριο αναζητά τη σκοτεινή αλήθεια του πνεύματος σε αυθόρμητες εικόνες, που δεν συνδέουν το νόημα τους με τις συνθήκες που αναπτύσσονται, αλλά μ' ένα είδος εσωτερικής δυναμικής ανάγκης για ανεπανάληπτη σαφήνεια, που τις βγάζει στο φως».



Κινηματογραφικές Πρωτοπορίες, Στέλλα Θεοδωράκη

Stereosc2pe + | Hands (III) / Horst P. Horst / Claude Cahun

Horst P. Horst, Hands Hands Hands, 1941                                                   Claude Cahun, Sans titre, 1939


also

Flick Review < Secret Ceremony | Joseph Losey (1968)

Mia Farrow                                                      Elizabeth Taylor, Robert Mitchum
Robert Mitchum, Mia Farrow  

Secret Ceremony | 1968
Director: Joseph Losey 
Writers: Marco Denevi (short story "Ceremonia secreta"), George Tabori
Stars: Elizabeth Taylor, Robert Mitchum, Mia Farrow

Mia Farrow with her Beatles records on the set of Secret Ceremony, 1968

Also: 

Alphabetarion # Opticians Shops | Robert Doisneau / Jaromir Funke / Eliot Elisofon / Irving Penn / Manuel Alvarez Bravo

Jaromir Funke, Untitled, 1932                                                   Irving Penn, Optician's Shop Window, New York, 1939
Eliot Elisofon, Optometrist Hirshfield, 139 3rd Ave, NYC, 1937    Manuel Alvarez Bravo, Parábola óptica, 1931

“No object is mysterious. The mystery is your eye” 

Elizabeth Bowen

Robert Doisneau, Optician Shop, Paris 1967


The Keeper of Sheep | Fernando Pessoa (1914)

William-Adolphe Bouguereau,The Shepherdess, 1889


My gaze is clear like a sunflower.
It is my custom to walk the roads
Looking right and left
And sometimes looking behind me,
And what I see at each moment
Is what I never saw before,
And I’m very good at noticing things.
I’m capable of feeling the same wonder
A newborn child would feel
If he noticed that he’d really and truly been born.
I feel at each moment that I’ve just been born
Into a completely new world…

I believe in the world as in a daisy,
Because I see it. But I don’t think about it,
Because to think is to not understand.
The world wasn’t made for us to think about it
(To think is to have eyes that aren’t well)
But to look at it and to be in agreement.

I have no philosophy, I have senses…
If I speak of Nature it’s not because I know what it is
But because I love it, and for that very reason,
Because those who love never know what they love
Or why they love, or what love is.

To love is eternal innocence,
And the only innocence is not to think…



 Fernando Pessoa, The Keeper of Sheep II, 1914
 (A Little Larger Than the Entire Universe)




Alphabetarion # Braille | Imogen Cunningham / Walter Sanders / David Seymour / Roy Pinney / Michael Mauney / Léon Ferrari

 David Seymour, Blind Boy Reading With His Lips, 1948                       Roy Pinney. Reading Braille, 1936
Walter Sanders, A second grade girl examining a braille, 1943                  Blind boy reading Braille


Braille was based on a tactile military code called night writing, developed by Charles Barbier in response to Napoleon's demand 
for a means for soldiers to communicate silently at night and without light. Braille is named after its creator, Frenchman Louis Braille
who lost his eyesight due to a childhood accident. In 1824, at the age of 15, Braille developed his code for the French alphabet as an improvement 
on night writing.


Imogen Cunningham, Hands Reading Braille, 1933
 H. Armstrong Roberts, Woman reading braille, 1940       Michael Mauney, Blind singer Jose Feliciano reading Braille, 1968
Léon Ferrari, Union Libre, 2004 (Poem by André Breton embossed in Braille on a photograph)
Léon Ferrari, Union Libre, 2004 (Poem by André Breton embossed in Braille on a photograph)


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